Hello!! Reader… Today I discuss with you How to use FileZilla for exchanging files between Web servers from (to) your local computer.
FTP FileZilla one of the most well-known and used multiplatform FTP clients today.
This post is aimed at those who do not know what an FTP is or sounds to them but have never used it.
FTP FileZilla is the FTP that I always use.
I have been using it for years and that is why it is the tool that I can recommend to you.
Now, let’s start from the beginning with the most basic questions:
What is an FTP?
They are the acronym for “File Transfer Protocol” or you can say that “File Transfer Protocol”.
Basically, what you get is to have a connection with your server and access to your files, but with a graphical interface type “folder explorer”.
The files on your website or blog are stored in folders inside the server of the hosting company you have hired. In the same way that you can have files or folders on your hard drive, because the same, only those files are hosted on the server and are accessible online.
Many hosting providers (almost all) provide us with a file management service within your control panel (cPanel). There are very good ones, but without a doubt, the easiest and fastest way to handle the files on our website is by using an FTP client.
What is the importance of using FileZilla and Why?
Sometimes, it shows that after installing or uninstall a plugin, your site is experiencing trouble or your website is not opening and showing some error code. If you detect from yourself that which particular plugin affects your site.
Then log in to your server using FileZilla FTP Client and delete that particular plugin or delete that code from your server. Now refresh your site & check again.
Also, it helps you to install WordPress software and upload plugin and themes manually to your site using FileZilla FTP Client.
Where do you get your FTP details?
Before going to install or access the FileZilla FTP, you must know the details of FTP. Also, you can copy these details in a notepad or anywhere you want.
Now, Login to your hosting account and find the FTP details under Account. If you don’t know the password of your FTP then you just click on “Change your account password” and reset as per your choice.
Now go the next step, follow the instructions step by step.
How to install and configure FileZilla FTP?
First of all, download it: FileZilla client (Windows, Mac, Linux | Free)
Once downloaded, we run the .exe file and install it. We accept and open the program for the first time.
We have to go to the “Site Manager”, which can be accessed from “File > Site Manager”, with “Ctrl+S” or by pressing the first button at the top left.
This site manager will allow us to manage all the connections we want to different web servers, we don’t have to limit ourselves to just one website.
We have several options to start, the most direct is to click on «New site».
Now, We will create a new site, for that we must give it a name. It can be the one you want, obviously identifying the web you want to access, but you can put the one you want.
Then on the right, the information can no longer be anyone. All this data is provided by your hosting provider. You do not have to ask them, look inside the control panel of your hosting the “FTP” options and there you will have the configuration data that we are going to see now, but it depends on each provider.
Configure FileZilla FTP-
First, we must indicate the “Server”. Normally, the server is the name of your website but without the www in front. Example: mywebsite.com
Then, the “Port” is the port to be used for the connection. It is normal to use port 21, but if you leave it blank FileZilla will take that automatically. (If your provider does not expressly indicate another)
The “Protocol” refers to whether we are going to use a Normal FTP or a higher security protocol type SSH. We are going to use the normal one, the one that comes by default.
The “Encryption” is also left with the default option of “Use simple FTP”.
The “Logon Type” is changed from “Anonymous” to “Normal”, so that we can enter a Username and Password.
We have these two data as I said in the control panel of our hosting, within the FTP options. Enter that Username and Password.
Below we have a space for “Comments” in case we want to make an entry.
And little else, we click on “Accept” to save all the data and then connect to prove that it connects and works correctly.
Another thing, In the “Advanced, Transfer Options and Character Set” tabs, leave everything as it comes by default. Touching any of these options without knowing what we are modifying could cause us to not work any connection.
If something fails, you must check that you have entered the data of the control panel well or ask the provider to provide them by email, in case you are taking those that are not for whatever.
Use FileZilla to file transfer
You can repeat that process with as many websites as you want. In fact, you can click on the “New folder” option within the Site Manager, and for example, have a folder to store the FTP accesses of CUSTOMER websites and have another folder for your PERSONAL websites.
Well, once we have set up an FTP connection and connect, what we have is a split into two of the screen.
On the left, you will have your local files, those of your computer and on the right, you will be viewing the files of your website on the server, specifically in the root.
And from here, little mystery. By clicking and dragging files and folders from one site to another, you can download files to your hard drive or upload files from your PC to the server. That easy.
You can also create new folders on the server easily and quickly. I use it for example if you want to host downloadable PDFs on your website because you can create a folder and upload them here. So you know the route where they are.
Whether you work with WordPress or whatever you have done your website, be careful what you touch. Nothing happens because you download to your pc any file that makes up your website, because it is downloaded but not deleted. Now, as you delete a file, you can roll it up, so be careful what you do.
Another thing, when you pass a file from your pc to the server and the file already exists (that is, you are updating it) you will get options to choose if you want to overwrite it if you want me to apply this preference always without asking you more, etc.
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